- are designed to punish cybersquatters and deter future violations; and, as such
- may be ordered in the absence of any actual damages; and
- are not duplicative of any actual damages awarded under 15 U.S.C. § 1117(a) for infringement or unfair competition.
The case is St. Luke’s Cataract and Laser Institute. P.A. v. Sanderson, No. 08-11848 (11th Cir. July 9, 2009).